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Throughout the Ottoman Empire, a key goal of education was to raise 'good Muslims'. Hence there was a need for Islamic scholars, which was sustained through Islamic Faith Schools, called Madrasa.In 1913, the Medresetü-l Eimmeti vel Hutaba (School of ministers and preachers Medresetü-l Vaazin were integrated to form the tangible origins these days's Imam Hatip high schools
In 1924, the Tevhid-i Tedrisat (Law of Marriage of Educational Instruction was passed, replacing the existing, primarily sectarian academic system with a nonreligious, centralist and nationalist education one. The brand-new law brought all universities under the control of the Ministry of National Education. A Faculty of Theology at the Darülfünun (Istanbul University), special schools for training imams and hatips (ministers and preachers) were opened by the new Ministry of National Education. Nevertheless, in 1930 İmam Hatip schools were closed and 1933 the Professors of Divinity was eliminated.
In contrast to the specifically secularist nature of the education policy of the Republican politician Individuals's Celebration (CHP) spiritual education was restored in 1948. This consisted of the facility of a Professors of Theology at the University of Ankara in 1949. Initial steps for the facility of Imam Hatip schools began in 1951 under the Democrat Celebration government, which established 7 special secondary schools (Imam Hatip Okulları). In addition, in 1959 Islamic Institutes were opened for graduates of Imam Hatip schools.
Following the coup d'etat in 1960, Imam Hatip schools experienced the threat of closure. Following the return to civilian politics and the intro of the brand-new constitution in 1961, graduates of Imam Hatip schools might only enrol in university programmes if they had actually passed courses used at nonreligious schools. Throughout the premiership of Süleyman Demirel nevertheless, graduates of Imam Hatip schools were given access to university without such requirements. The 1971 Turkish coup d'état presented 2 key reforms: firstly junior high Imam Hatip schools were abolished, and in 1973 Imam Hatip schools were relabelled as Imam Hatip high schools. Under the subsequent National Education Basic Law, Imam Hatip schools were specified as occupation schools, where trainees were to be trained as preachers and ministers or prepared for higher education.
Imam Hatip schools grew gradually at initially, but their numbers broadened rapidly to 334 during the 1970s. The coalition federal government of 1974, developed by the CHP and the MSP (National Redemption Party), devoted to reopen junior high schools and offering the right of entry to university through evaluation. 230 new Imam Hatip high schools were opened in a duration of nearly 4 years. During the 1974-75 academic year the number of trainees participating in to the Imam Hatip high schools grew to 48,895. This number subsequently grew to 200,300 by 1980-81. In addition, women gained the right of entry to Imam Hatip high schools in 1976. The expansion of Imam Hatip high schools is frequently pointed out as the impact of the National Redemption Party's subscription of a number of unions with Nationalist Front federal governments.
Circumstance since 1980
The coup d'etat of September 12, 1980 is an important turning point in the history of Turkey and likewise for the history of İmam-Hatip high schools. Under military governance, graduates of Imam Hatip high schools got the right of entry to all university departments. In 1985, 2 brand-new Imam Hatip high schools opened, one in Tunceli, despite of the so-called ethnic structure of the region, and the other in Beykoz as an Anatolian Imam Hatip High School, with the objective of contributing to the education of children of households who work abroad. Although the number of Imam Hatip high schools had actually not increased since, the number of trainees attending Imam Hatip high schools has increased by 45%. This is partially due to the improvement in the quality of Imam Hatip high schools and the education provided at such schools.
Throughout the education year of 1973-74, the total number of Imam Hatip trainees was 34,570; in 1997 this number had sharply increased to reach 511,502. Together with this enormous increase in popularity, the variety of schools also increased. The variety of Imam Hatip junior high schools reached 601 and secondary schools 402. The increase in both student and school numbers can be credited to aspects consisting of the dedication of people to religion, dormitory facilities, scholarships, the admittance of females and a boost in need for spiritual education.
Research study recommends that in between the years of 1993 and 2000, potential trainees signed up at Imam Hatip high schools primarily to receive religious tutoring alongside a more general education.In addition, research shows enrolment at Imam Hatip high schools was based solely on the student's decision. The third proposed aspect in the rise in popularity of Imam Hatip schools is the admission of female students in 1976. By 1998, almost 100,000 females attended Imam Hatip high schools, comprising practically half of all students. This statistic is particularly revealing because women are not qualified to end up being either priests or ministers.
Nevertheless, the intro of eight years of compulsory education in 1997 has actually seen an unexpected decrease in the popularity of Imam Hatip schools. In 1999, the reclassification of Imam Hatip schools as "vocational schools" suggested that, although more options had actually been made available to graduates, obtaining places at prestigious university courses ended up being more difficult.By needing that all 8 mandatory years of education be spent under the same primary-school roof, middle schools were eliminated. Children hatip posterleri might not go into professional schools (among them the Imam Hatip school) until the ninth grade (instead of the sixth, as prior to).